The next is the Aug. 4, 2020, Congressional Analysis Service report, Rising Navy Applied sciences: Background and Points for Congress.
From the report
Members of Congress and Pentagon officers are more and more targeted on growing rising navy applied sciences to boost U.S. nationwide safety and maintain tempo with U.S. opponents. The U.S. navy has lengthy relied upon technological superiority to make sure its dominance in battle and to underwrite U.S. nationwide safety. Lately, nonetheless, expertise has each quickly developed and quickly proliferated—largely because of advances within the business sector. As former Secretary of Protection Chuck Hagel noticed, this improvement has threatened to erode the US’ conventional sources of navy benefit. The Division of Protection (DOD) has undertaken plenty of initiatives to arrest this pattern. For instance, in 2014, DOD introduced the Third Offset Technique, an effort to use rising applied sciences for navy and safety functions in addition to related methods, ways, and ideas of operation. In help of this technique, DOD established plenty of organizations targeted on protection innovation, together with the Protection Innovation Unit and the Protection Wargaming Alignment Group.
Extra not too long ago, the 2018 Nationwide Protection Technique echoed the underpinnings of the Third Offset Technique, noting that U.S. nationwide safety will doubtless be
affected by speedy technological developments and the altering character of struggle…. New applied sciences embrace superior computing, “large knowledge” analytics, synthetic intelligence, autonomy, robotics, directed power, hypersonics, and biotechnology—the very applied sciences that guarantee we will combat and win the wars of the long run.
The US is the chief in growing many of those applied sciences. Nevertheless, China and Russia—key strategic opponents—are making regular progress in growing superior navy applied sciences. As these applied sciences are built-in into overseas and home navy forces and deployed, they might maintain vital implications for the way forward for worldwide safety writ massive, and must be a major focus for Congress, each when it comes to funding and program oversight.
This report supplies an outline of chosen rising navy applied sciences in the US, China, and Russia:
- synthetic intelligence,
- deadly autonomous weapons,
- hypersonic weapons,
- directed power weapons,
- biotechnology, and
- quantum expertise.
It additionally discusses related initiatives inside worldwide establishments to watch or regulate these applied sciences, considers the potential implications of rising navy applied sciences for warfighting, and descriptions related points for Congress. These points embrace the extent and stability of funding for rising applied sciences, the administration construction for rising applied sciences, the challenges related to recruiting and retaining expertise employees, the acquisitions course of for quickly evolving and dual-use applied sciences, the safety of rising applied sciences from theft and expropriation, and the governance and regulation of rising applied sciences. Such points may maintain implications for congressional authorization, appropriation, oversight, and treaty-making.
Obtain doc here.